Monthly Archives: August 2017

Computers and Society

People have come to depend on computers and technology for almost every aspect of their lives, and there is hardly anything that is not impacted by their functionality.

Let’s look at some of the things that we have in common with computers. You will be able to identify and relate to the uses which we all tend to accomplish on our computers.

People love to play video games on their computers more than anything else, and proof of this is that almost every single pc out there has games on them. They can also be online, where millions and millions of people play together every day.

Get online and see how many games are out there that involve playing with other people. You will be amazed at how awesome and engaging playing live games with people can be. You will be joined by millions of other users in games that cover almost every interest and category.

Social networking is something else that is a product of computer technology, and it is changing how the world stays in touch. You can do things never before possible, like share pictures and movies, along with writing notes and stories with people in real time from all over the globe.

Looking for a particular song or obscure film? The internet is the place to find it, instantly and effortlessly. No more going to the video store in the middle of the night, because you can search, download and watch or listen to your favorite music or videos in real time without having to do anything.

How we do business is changing because of the computer as well. Can you think of anything that hasn’t been effected by technology? How we earn and spend money, shop, learn and even travel has been impacted by computers and the world relies heavily on them to get the job done.

Lastly, the computer makes it possible for you to talk to almost anyone on the planet for free from the comfort of your home. It has completely revolutionized how we stay in touch, and the options that we have in order to do so. From online phone calls to video conferencing, communicating now is not like it was when we had to make phone calls or write letters.

Safeguarding Information Security

Undoubtedly, Information technology has become increasingly important. It has become a part of the day-to-day operations of businesses, companies, government and non-government organizations. Daily living of an average individual involves computer and technology: communication, e-commerce, online banking transactions and other financial and work-related activities. Companies, entrepreneurs and small and medium enterprises have become more reliant on information systems to support and deliver diverse and complicated business processes which include accounting, inventory, marketing, payroll, research, sales tracking and even remote business operations that involve real-time surveillance.

There have been fair, satisfactory and even excellent results brought by information technology. The general public has been clinging to what one might consider as the perfect solution to an ever-increasing demand of complex processes of problem solving that delivers fast and reliant results. Indeed. But the jubilation is not absolute. As information technology has become prominent in its importance, so does the threat that comes with it. Despite the advancement of information technology, security and privacy have become an increasing pain in the ass. While superior information technology system has been built by the experts, maintaining its security has become harder for administrators and end-users. Today’s users have become increasingly wider- ranging from vast majority of employees in many companies and organizations and a huge fraction of households all of which are exposed to security and privacy threats.

Majority of the security features are a hassle and awkward to use and can present a great obstacle to use in getting work done in such a desired pace. As a result, internet security measures have been bypassed, disabled or ignored too often. Subsequently, when security gets in the way of functionality, end-users tend to disable the very security features that protect them from cyber threats. The result is that they often engage in actions, consciously or unconsciously, that expose them to these cyber threats while compromising system security and exposing sensitive and confidential or personal information.

Privacy tools and software have become increasingly difficult to use. Over the course of time, as cyber threats have become increasingly vast and complex in operation, the very core of the tools that are designed to protect end-users have become user-unfriendly, difficult to understand by an average user and a bit expensive to avail. These factors have contributed greatly in the end-users decision of ignoring protection tools that puts them at risk to cyber threats.

Computer technology must be geared towards protecting its users. Privacy and security software developers must come up with a protection model and features that do not interfere with system usability. They must come up with tools that are efficient and cost-effective. Web designers and developers for banking and e-commerce must triple their standard in making these websites secure and infallible of threats.

Of Computers And The Medical

Computers and technology have long played a role in the medical system. In more recent years, however, computers have started to become an increasingly relied upon method for helping to keep patient records straight and for keeping people healthy. In fact, the use of computer sciences combined with the information sciences in the medical field has become so prevalent that a term has been developed to describe this merging of fields: health informatics.

Health informatics, also referred to as medical informatics, focuses primarily on the use of computers and information science to help acquire, store, and retrieve information in both biomedicine and health in general. This may involve communication amongst and between medical facilities and professionals, retrieving current information regarding treatment methods for certain disorders, and even helping medical professionals diagnose a disease. It may also involve the sharing of patient information amongst specialists in order to give the patient the best treatment possible.

With the use of computers in the medical system becoming increasingly common, the United States congress passed the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPAA) in 1006. This act set forth certain regulations and guidelines regarding keeping track of medical records with specialized software. The primary goal of the act was to maintain patient privacy while still allowing medical professionals to take advantage of the conveniences technology provides.

Since then, the Certification Commission for Healthcare Information Technology (CCHIT) was formed through the United States Department of Health and Human Services. This non-profit organization has developed a set of standards regarding electronic health records and the networks that support them. Those vendors that meet these standards receive certification through the organization. In 2006, the organization certified 22 electronic health record products that have been approved for use.

Computer Information Technology

What is computer information technology? To begin, it’s a good question-and quite frequently asked too. Basically, computer information technology (commonly referred to as “IT” within tech industries and the business world) is a term used to describe the design, creation, and maintenance of complex computer and networked computer systems. Many businesses and professionals use the term to also encompass the wide range of technology that surrounds the computer systems themselves too.

For example, computer information technology is often used to describe:

  • Computer hardware
  • Computer servers
  • Computer networks and networking equipment
  • Computer monitors
  • Software and operating systems
  • Printers
  • Copy machines
  • Fax machines
  • Office phone systems
  • Internet systems
  • Cell phones
  • Many additional types of technology and data management equipment

IT also represents the how all of these systems are used and how they inter-relate to one another at the same time.

In the Workplace: The IT Department

While it is not necessarily a rule, more often than not these days, a business’s IT department will typically manage all of the office’s technology needs, including everything from the procurement of computer and technology equipment to the installation and ongoing maintenance of the systems. In the modern data centered workplace environment we’ve come to expect today, ensuring the computer information technology backbone is operating effectively and efficiently has become absolutely mandatory to running a successful business or workplace operation.

Why Is Computer Information Technology So Important?

IT has become the lifeblood of how business is done. As our world continues to adapt more and more towards an information based society, managing the stream and storage of data and making access to data more and more reliable and easy to use is not just important from a profit standpoint alone-we’ve actually come to totally depend on technology 100% to make business possible.

In this type of environment, ensuring that every small “slice of the pie” operates and performs as it should is essential. Think of it much like setting up a chain of dominoes-if one piece of an organization’s technology system goes down, it is certainly going to have an entire chain of cause and effect throughout the entire organization.

Information technology is so important because it requires thoughtful and knowledgeable planning and development to create sophisticated systems that work seamlessly with each other to produce an end result of transparent functionality that we rely on. It’s almost like one of those things that we’ve just gotten used to-we’ve come to expect it to work flawlessly all of the time, only noticing it when something goes wrong.

This kind of operational transparency is usually the main goal of IT professionals. Making sure that data and technology systems work properly and dependably enables others to perform their duties without a hitch. Qualified IT professionals are always in high demand and generally well compensated for the services they provide.

Computers Components and Technology

A computer is compared to a calculator; used to increase the speed and accuracy of numerical computations–the abacus and more modern mechanical calculators (dating back more than 5,000 years ago–using rows of sliding beads or mechanical rods an gears to perform arithmetic operations. However, even during the nineteenth century calculators were very commonly used for calculation, but they were not considered computers.

A computer is defined as a mechanical or electronic device that can efficiently store, retrieve, and manipulate large amounts of information at high speeds and with extreme accuracy. Additionally, computers are built to perform and execute tasks, while accommodating intermediate results without human intervention. This is achieved by the computer utilizing a list of instructions called a program.

History: Computers and Technology

An Englishman, named Charles Babbage, designed and assisted to build an absolute computer during the mid-1800s. This machine–the Analytical Engine–was composed mechanical axles and gears by the hundreds. Ultimately, this design was obtuse in sorting and processing 40-digit numbers. Also, because of Babbage’s engineering venture, an Ada Agusta Byron–the daughter of a Lord Byron of those times–took the reins and exploited this invention. In relation, a primary program was labeled Ada. Moreover, unfortunately for Babbage’s work, the project was complete as it was considered detrimentally complex for the technology of those days. Thereafter, computers were put on hold for a while.

Seventy years after Charles Babbage’s death, computers became of importance to certain professors and scholars of the early twentieth century. In fact, two masters from Iowa State University–John Atansoff and Clifford Berry–along with Harvard University’s Howard Aiken took interest in completing computer projects. However, their ideal success wasn’t very true. Labeled as having intermediate results, the Atansoff-Berry project did actually operate–requiring multiple interventions by the operator while in use. And Aikens’s Mark I simply did not perform independently.

VACUUM TUBES AND TRANSISTORS

Vacuum Tubes–ENIAC: Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer

Furthermore, a few years later, led by the infamous J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly–of the University of Pennsylvania–achieved the developments of fully functional electronic computer (the ENIAC). The ENIAC became a large attribute regardless of its huge appearance; 80 feet long; 8 feet wide; weighing 33 tons; comprised of 17,000 vacuum tubes that were included in its circuitry–consumed 175,000 watts of electricity, while executing computations of 5,000 additions per second. Next, the vacuum tube intervention last for a sound decade, as great computer kings–IBM and Remington–adopted the concept; acquiring a mandated climate-controlled environment attained by large businesses, university systems and primary government agencies.